Thursday, May 21, 2020
Bien is most often used as an adverb meaning well (i.e., in a good manner) although in a more flexible way than the English word. Bien also can be a noun whose meanings include goodness and asset. Here are some examples of where well is a good translation for bien: Raquel cree que canta bien. Raquel thinks she sings well. Un alimento bien cocinado puede contaminarse si tiene contacto con carnes crudas. A well-cooked food can get tainted if it has contact with undercooked meats. Aprende bien las reglas de manejar. Learn well the rules of driving. Mi bebe duerme bien. My baby sleeps well. No entiendo bien tu pregunta. I dont understand your question well. Bien often carries the idea of something occuring correctly, sufficiently or to a great degree: No puede reparar bien mi coche. He cant fix my car correctly. LloviÃ ³ bien hasta enero y despuÃ ©s se cortÃ ³. It rained a lot until January and then it stopped. La computadora no me funciona bien. The computer doesnt work right for me. Se sentirÃ ¡ en casa con la comida deliciosa y las bebidas bien frÃ as. You will feel at home with the delicious food and well-chilled drinks. No estoy seguro de haber descargado bien el software. Im not sure the software was downloaded properly. La pelÃ cula estÃ ¡ bien divertida y no tiene mensajes de doble sentido. The film is quite fun and doesnt have mixed messages. Often with estar (and sometimes other verbs), bien is sometimes translated as a positive adjective that varies with context: Estuvo muy bien el desayuno. The breakfast tasted great. Estoy bien hoy. Im feeling good today. EstÃ ¡s bien en tu foto de Facebook. You look good in your Facebook photo. Todos estamos bien. Were all fine. Todo estÃ ¡ bien. Everythings OK. Te estÃ ¡ bien la camisa. The shirt looks good on you. As an interjection, bien can have a similarly positive meaning. For example, fans at a sports context might shout Ã ¡Bien! as a way of saying Good job! As a noun, el bien can mean goodness or something similar: El mundo estÃ ¡ plagado de gente que no hace el bien. The world is plagued by people who dont do the right thing. La Ã ©tica, por definiciÃ ³n, busca el bien. Ethics, by definition, looks for the good. In financial matters, el bien can refer to various types of assets or goods. For example, un bien tangible is a tangible asset, and bienes raÃ ces refers to real estate.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Calvin Coolidge (July 4, 1872-Jan. 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the U.S. Coolidge was president during the interim period between the two world wars. His conservative beliefs helped make significant changes to immigration laws and taxes. During his administration, the economic situation in America seemed to be one of prosperity. However, the foundation was being laid for what would become the Great Depression. The era was also one of increased isolationism after the close of World War I. Coolidge is often described as unusually quiet, though he was known for his dry sense of humor. Fast Facts: Calvin Coolidge Known For: 30th American PresidentAlso Known As: Silent CalBorn: July 4, 1872 in Plymouth, Vt.Parents: John Calvin Coolidge and Victoria Josephine MoorDied: Jan. 5, 1933 in Northampton, Mass.Education: Amherst CollegePublished Works:Ã The Autobiography of Calvin CoolidgeSpouse: Grace Anna GoodhueChildren: John Coolidge and Calvin Coolidge, Jr. Childhood and Education Coolidge was born on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth, Vermont. His father was a storekeeper and local public official. Coolidge attended a local school before enrolling in 1886 at the Black River Academy in Ludlow, Vermont. He studied at Amherst College from 1891 to 1895. He then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1897. Family Ties Coolidge was born to John Calvin Coolidge, a farmer and storekeeper, and Victoria Josephine Moor. His fatherÃ was a justice of the peace and actually deliveredÃ the oath of office to his son when he won the presidency. His mother died when Coolidge was 12. He had one sister namedÃ Abigail Gratia Coolidge, who sadly died at age 15. On Oct. 5, 1905, Coolidge marriedÃ Grace Anna Goodhue. She was well educated and ended up getting a degree from the Clarke School for the Deaf in Massachusetts, where she taught elementary-aged children until her marriage. Together she and Coolidge had two sons:Ã John Coolidge and Calvin Coolidge, Jr. Career Before the Presidency Coolidge practiced law and became an active Republican in Massachusetts. He began his political career on the Northampton City Council from 1899 to 1900. From 1907 to 1908, he was a member of the Massachusetts General Court. He then became Mayor of Northampton in 1910. In 1912, he was elected to be a Massachusetts State Senator. From 1916 to 1918, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts and, in 1919, he won the Governors seat. He then ran with Warren Harding to become Vice President in 1921. Becoming the President Coolidge succeeded to the presidency on August 3, 1923, when Harding died from a heart attack. In 1924, he was nominated by the Republicans to run for president, with Charles Dawes as his running mate. Coolidge was a small-government Republican, popular among conservative middle-class voters. He ran against Democrat John Davis and Progressive Robert M. LaFollette. In the end, Coolidge won with 54% of the popular vote and 382 out of 531 electoral votes. Events and Accomplishments Coolidge governed during a relatively calm and peaceful period between the two world wars. The Immigration Act of 1924 reduced the number of immigrants allowed into the U.S. so that only 150,000 total individuals were allowed in each year. The law favored immigrants from Northern Europe over Southern Europeans and Jews; Japanese immigrants were not allowed in at all. Also in 1924, the Veterans Bonus passed through Congress despite Coolidges veto. It provided veterans with insurance redeemable in twenty years. In 1924 and 1926, taxes were cut that had been imposed duringÃ World War I. The money that individuals were able to keep and spend helped contribute to the speculation that eventually would lead toÃ the fall of the stock marketÃ and contribute to theÃ Great Depression.Ã¢â¬â¹ Throughout 1927 and 1928, Congress tried to pass farm relief bills allowing the government to buy crops to support farm prices. Coolidge vetoed this bill twice, believing that government had no place in setting price floors and ceilings. Also in 1928, the Kellogg-Briand Pact was created among fifteen countries that agreed that war was not a viable method for settling international disputes. It was created by Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand. Post-Presidential Period Coolidge chose not to run for a second term in office. He retired to Northampton, Massachusetts and wrote his autobiography, which was published in 1929. He died on Jan. 5, 1933, of coronary thrombosis.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s New World Dictionary describes dystopia as Ã¢â¬Å"a hypothetical place, state, or situation in which conditions and the quality of life are dreadfulÃ¢â¬ . Frequently in dystopian novels, an oppressive government holds absolute rule over its citizens. One person realizes what is truly happening and attempts to escape. Dystopian literature provides a criticism for popular social trends at the time as a warning for the future of society. Dystopian novels focus on social commentary. They take popular and prevalent social trends, and push social boundaries in order for the audience to realize how ridiculous these trends are. For example, the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury focuses on the topic of censorship. In the book, books that are deemed illegal are burned, alongside the houses that store them. The problem is that almost every book is banned. Bradbury wrote the book in response to the book burnings that the Nazis had done. Said Bradbury, I wrote this book at a time when I was worried about the way things were going in this country four years ago. Too many people were afraid of their shadows; there was a threat of book burning. Many of the books were being taken off the shelves at that time. In the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, censorship is also a major theme. The charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ lives are constantly monitored by the government, and the Ministry of Truth deletes people from history that they do not believe belong there, such as criminals. HistoricalShow MoreRelatedComparing the Dystopian Elements in Suzenne Collins The Hunger Games and George Orwells 19841377 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDiscuss in which ways and how far the dystopian elements in Suzanne CollinsÃ¢â¬â¢ The Hunger Games echo those in George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Nineteen Eighty-Four Dystopian literature adheres to certain conventions; the theme of a dystopian future typically encompasses a severely repressed society, with socio-political dysfunction and class stratification. Themes of surveillance, censorship and personal independence have been established by authors such as George Orwell, and are recurrent throughout 2008 novel Ã¢â¬Å"TheRead MoreGovernment Censorship and Control in Brave New World1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImagine a society in which its citizens have forfeited all personal liberties for government protection and stability; Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World, explores a civilization in which this hypothetical has become reality. The inevitable trade-off of citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ freedoms for government protection traditionally follows periods of war and terror. The voluntary degradation of the citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ rights begins with small, benign steps to full, totalitarian control. Major methods for government control and censorshipRead MoreRay Brad bury s Fahrenheit 4511721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdependent on technology, will literature slowly disappear from the minds of the population? This is the question that Ray BradburyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Fahrenheit 451, attempts to answer. In this book, he describes a hypothetical world in which the population not only avoids reading, but has made owning books an unthinkable crime, with all books discovered burned, along with the houses of those who hoarded them. In this dystopian future created by Bradbury, the beauty that is literature has been replaced in societyRead MoreGlobalization And Its Impact On Society1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Personally, before enrolling in this class, I thought I knew what the general idea of globalization was, as rudimentary and elementary as my knowledge of the topic had been. However, after only exposing myself to a minuscule amount of cultural literature throughout the course of this class thus far, I have greatly expanded my understanding of what the tr ue meaning of globalization is: a process that is much more complicated than I had originally anticipated. The very nature of globalization canRead MoreNew World Order in Conspiracy Theory13987 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pages10Ã Brave New World * 3Ã Postulated implementations * 3.1Ã Gradualism * 3.2Ã Coup dÃ ©tat * 3.3Ã Mass surveillance * 3.4Ã Occultism * 3.5Ã Population control * 3.6Ã Mind control * 4Ã Alleged conspirators * 5Ã Criticism * 6Ã Literature * 7Ã In popular culture * 8Ã References | ------------------------------------------------- History of the term During the 20th century, manyÃ statesmen, such asÃ Woodrow WilsonÃ andÃ Winston Churchill, used the term new world order to refer toRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pagesdisasters of the twentieth century. Howard SpodekÃ¢â¬â¢s essay charts the development of the urban areas that have been the destination for the great majority of both international and domestic immigrants in the modern era, and that in 2005 became the place of residence for the majority of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s human population for the first time in history. He gives considerable attention to changes in city planning, patterns of urban growth, and important differences between industrialized Europe and North
Billy WilderÃ¢â¬â¢s film, Sunset Boulevard, was released in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s as it continues to be a popular film that catches peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. The film still captures the heart and mind of audiences that watch it today with its very dramatic characters and scenes. This film demonstrates a variety of themes and concepts through the choices of cinematography. Sunset Boulevard shows the dark side of celebrities and the flaws or downfall of becoming famous. Some main components of the cinematography in this film include the placement of lighting, the portrayal of specific scenes and their symbolism, the music choices, camera angles, and the camera position. This film is black and white but still contains many dark scenes that really capture the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s attention and give a suspenseful and depressing vibe. Norma Desmond is a washed-up movie star who only acted in silent films. But, in Sunset Boulevard, silent films were outdated and Norma became outdated with them. The silent film business was completely finished and films with talking began to get popular. She lived in a mansion with her butler Max, who ironically was her ex-husband. Whenever NormaÃ¢â¬â¢s mansion is shown in the film it is very dark, messy, and broken. It seems to be a strong representation of NormaÃ¢â¬â¢s life since she still thinks that she is a huge movie actress, when in reality everyone has moved on from her. When Joe first arrives at NormaÃ¢â¬â¢s house, she is presented in very dark colors with a dead animal in her house.Show MoreRelated PARADISE FLUBBED: Pynchon the New World Essay4618 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesof Surf should secede from California and become the Peoples Republic of Rock and Roll (PR3). Enter Frenesi Gates.Before she was wife to Zoyd and mother to Prairie, back in the 60s, Frenesi was a member of 24fps (frames per second), a radical film collective.Frenesi made movies, turning events into image, into a version of events.And there were plenty of versions.Everybody in 24fps has their own ideas about light ...--like everybody in PR3; in fact, like everybody in general during that
string(39) " need to give their bodies some power\." The human physical appearance is very vital in the development of social relations with the others as they interact. The appearance is also important in relation to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. Because human beings are influenced by what they can see, physical attractiveness of a person plays a very important role in social relations. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Women are obsessed with Appearance or any similar topic only for you Order Now The physical characteristics or features that are seen in men and women are an expression of sexual dimorphisms in human. This is due to the physical differences that exist between men and women. A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s physical appearance affects how she socially interacts with other women and men because when it comes to the appearance, human beings have proved to be very sensitive to variation in appearance. Some of the factors that can be attributed to variation in appearance include age, genetic factors, diseases and personal adornments. Physiological differences between individuals can be seen in physical features such as the body hair, height, bodyweight, hair colour, shape of the ears and nose, body deformations and body shape. Appearance can also be affected by short term occurrences such as crying, skin colour changes and sexual arousal. In the contemporary world, the appearance of an individual whether a man or a woman is considered to have great significance. This is especially true for women who are considered to be very concerned and obsessed with their appearance. Cornell(Cornell,1998) states that women have in the past years expressed their determination, dedication and great efforts as they seek to get equal opportunities with the men. To women, they have been denied equal opportunities with the men who have dominated the world for a long time. Through their appearance, women can win the attention that they may fight for feminism. This has made many women to invest their time, efforts, and resources in order to attain an appearance that is desirable to them. Although men are also concerned about their appearance, majority of men do not allocate as much time, energy and financial resources to enhance their certain appearances like women do. Changing someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s physiological features whether in long-term or short-term has become an issue of concern for many, whereby personal effects and clothing have become important in promoting changes in appearance for women. The use of decorative objects, body shape altering devices, cosmetics, body modifications, change of haircut or hair colour, and changing dressing styles have become very common in women. Technological advancements have resulted to new and more advanced ways of changing the appearance, a good example being cosmetic surgery. Plastic of cosmetic surgery is now being embraced as one of the most advanced way that is currently available to women who would like to change their physiological appearance. In this paper, the reason behind womenÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with their appearance will be discussed. The discussion will be based on the theory that women are obsessed with their appearance because of their concern of their future existence and the need to maintain their feminine identity. Discussion There are many reasons why women are obsessed with their appearance. However,the reason why certain individuals may be obsessed with their appearance may vary depending on the experiences one have had in her life. Some reasons seem to contribute greatly to the obsession women have with their appearance. These reasons will be discussed below; 1. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s concern about their future existence. Women are considered to be concerned about their appearance due to the influence their appearance have on their future. This opinion is also supported by Gillis et al (Gillis et al, 2007). The future existence of a woman is based on her attractiveness. This is a factor that many women may not be consciously aware of. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s anxiety about the future promotes their engagement in efforts that aim at making their appearance more attractive. Because women pursuit for attractive appearance is related to future, their obsession with appearance is centrally tied to their relationships with men. This is because. The future of women depends on co-workers, husbands, employers, and lovers who are men. One reason why women show their obsession with their appearance is the conviction that a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life if fulfilled and her continued existence guaranteed depending on her ability to attract and be attached to a particular man. This ability defines what her future holds for her. In almost all societies, relationships between men and women are considered to be very important. Even in the ancient societies, women were viewed as very crucial since they played the important role of mothers and wives. A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to attract a man, especially the one who she can marry is to some extent related to her physical appearance. This is in relation to her body shape, body size, colour of her skin and hair, and her natural beauty. In order to share power and wealth, many women tend to enhance their bodiesÃ¢â¬â¢ potential as objects of men desires. This gives a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s body great sexual significance in the society. Women invest their time, energy, efforts and resources to enhance an appearance that will be desirable and attractive to men. This is especially true when it comes to a man who proposes to marry a woman. Apart from a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s concern about her appearance before marriage, appearance still remains an important issue even in marriage. In the contemporary society, a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s worth and acceptance is promoted by her being married. To many, marriage still remains the natural mode of a female being a woman. Price and Shidrick (Price and Shildrick, 1999) state that since the ancient times, the societies have given certain socioeconomic and historical positions to woman. These positions restrict women to take care of the households and children and they have been for some time strengthened even more by the commercial media. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with appearance does not entirely depend on their personal preference to pursue attractiveness. Their pursuit for attractiveness emanates from the need to give their bodies some power. You read "Why Women are obsessed with Appearance" in category "Papers" The power that women acquire through the appearance of their bodies determines what kind of a husband they get and also how they relate with employers or co-workers. It is these people who define how her future will be like. Therefore, a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with appearance can be attributed to her desire to give her body some power that will ensure she gets a good husband and family in the future, as well as assure her of her success as a result of good relations with male co-workers or employers. Women use decorative or attractive items to enhance their appearance that attracts the right men. For instance, cosmetics and jewelry still remain as very important personal effects to a woman. These items increase a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty and make her more attractive to men who are likely to be beneficial to her life in future. Pharmaceutical companies are now manufacturing many and different cosmetic products for women to use in their pursuit for attractiveness or good appearance. Marrakchi (Marrakchi, 2006) links womenÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with their appearance to the production of harmful and toxic cosmetic products . These products which have been viewed as contributing to the many cases of diseases such as cancer in the modern society. Decorative objects such as earrings, bracelets, necklaces, and rings have become part and parcel of many womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. In an ideal traditional marriage, a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty is seen as though to be exchanged with a manÃ¢â¬â¢s power, wealth, and influence. Because marriage becomes part of a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s future, enhancing an attractive appearance that will assist her attract a good husband has promoted a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with good appearance. Her future that depends on how well she can attract good men as a potential husband determines how far a woman may be willing to go in order to get the Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ appearance. The appearance to her will in future give her some worth and will ensure she is accepted in the society if she relates to the right men. The future existence of a woman is promoted by the happiness she gets in life and the fulfillment of romantic love that she receives. Gerhard (Gerhard, 2001) asserts that the society has made marriage attractive and desirable to women by associating future happiness and fulfillment of romantic love to a marriage. Future happiness and fulfillment or romantic love is associated with a marriage. Because the society tends to present a marriage as an institution that makes women acceptable and gives them some worth, some women fear that they will loose their worth if they fail to attract men who can marry them. Because a woman may consider being married as Ã¢â¬Å"doing the proper thingÃ¢â¬ , her ability to attract a man for marriage becomes her focus. The fear of being seen as a failure or a Ã¢â¬Å"social misfitÃ¢â¬ if she is not married motivates a woman to seek an attractive appearance. By ensuring that she remains attractive, a woman increases her opportunity to have her romantic love and happiness fulfilled. Furthermore, her worth and acceptance in the society is retained, a situation that increases her happiness. A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to attract men makes her loose her worth or makes her feel that she is not as good as other attractive women. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with appearance can therefore be attributed to their desire to get happiness and fulfillment of romantic love in future. In addition, her attractive appearance boosts her self confidence and esteem hence she feels that she has great worth in the society. For example, in some societies, women who do not get married may not be highly regarded. As compared to their married counterparts, unmarried women are viewed as people who are not happy or are unfulfilled in relation to romantic love. When marriage becomes an important institution for a woman in future, ensuring that one gets married has led to their obsession with an appearance that they seek to have so as to attract men they are likely to marry. 2. The need for a woman to change with the changes in the society A society is always dynamic, which demands that the society members embrace changes that occur. Phillips (Phillips, 2004) holds the opinion that changes that are experienced in the society determine the kind of a society we will have in future. The changes in turn result to changes in the peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ attitudes and lifestyle. The changes that have been experienced in the contemporary society have made the people to adopt an attitude that thinness is beauty. The opinion that the thinner a woman is the more attractive she is continues to encourage a huge number of women to adopt a lifestyle that promotes oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body thinness even at the expense of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s health. The opinion that for one to be attractive they have to be thin has become very popular. This has altered the eating lifestyles of the people by promoting dieting and physical exercises. For instance, many teenagers have been found to be engaged in dieting practices with the aim to obtaining small body sizes so as to resemble their skinny and thin role models. The media is flooded with advertisements that display a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s body thinness as the ideal and more attractive feminine body shape as compared to average or huge women. For instance, the current fashion industry has promoted modeling as a very lucrative career for those who are determined to become successful models. Women who are tall and thin are now being viewed as the most beautiful. Consequently, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to resemble the thin and tall models they view as the most attractive has promoted their obsession with appearance. Even for women who are successful in other career fields other than modeling, there seems to be a belief that a good career cannot be a substitute for an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s attractiveness. Attempts by women to make themselves more attractive by becoming thin has led to the manufacture of a wide range of weight losing equipment or products and their sale in the market. Although some items are important to promote health, some equipment and items have ended up affecting the usersÃ¢â¬â¢ bodies negatively. Dieting has become the order of the day for some women whereby some women starve themselves in their efforts to cut down weight or to remain thin. Whether womenÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to remain thin are encouraged for the right reasons still remains debatable. Obese or overweight women are currently viewed as lacking the proper feminine body. In addition, a woman who is youthful looking and fashionably thin is considered to be more attractive to the modern man as compared to those fat-looking women. To many women, an individual who is fat or big in size is seen as experiencing psychological problems and is inadequate and incompetent by failing to manage their body size. Hence she becomes a person who fails in adjustments. Because being huge is considered as a sign of lack of control, women who are overweight or huge are looked down upon. Therefore women who do not loose weight to be thin tend to see themselves as objects of rejection and hate. Furthermore, they look at themselves as inevitable failures. This undermines an individuals self esteem leading to isolation, pretended cheerfulness, and loneliness. In the North American society, being thin translates toÃ¢â¬ looking goodÃ¢â¬ for young girls and women. This means that the girls and women should do almost everything possible so as to avoid becoming fat or to remain thin. Having a fair and clear skin has become an important factor in the definition of attractiveness. Increased desire to remain thin and to have a fair skin has led to womenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ obsession with their appearance. 3. Womens struggle to retain their feminine Identity WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle to retain their feminine identity is another factor that has promoted their obsession with their appearance. As explained by Hill (Hill, 2000), women consider their body shape, body size, and their personality to define who they are. A woman relates who she is to the behaviours and qualities that the society considers appropriate for her. Some of the features that shows a womanÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ feminine identity include, kindness, submissiveness, patience and gentleness. Throughout history, women have gone to extreme ends to bring out features or characteristics that strengthen their feminity. For instance, large breast size in the contemporary society is considered an important feminine trait. Many women in the western culture are now emphasizing on their cleavage to promote and enhance their femininity. This they do by wearing clothing that emphasizes of their breasts and cleavage. High heeled shoes have become very common with women despite the discomfort they cause them. Plastic or cosmetic surgery has become a lucrative business for the professionals who are trained in that field. Many women, especially the wealthy ones are now turning to cosmetics surgery as a solution to the old skin, old age and unattractive body shape. Due to the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s preference for an ideal body shape that resembles that of the models, altering the body shape is now being done through cosmetic surgery. The process is expensive which makes it difficult for majority of women to afford it. Those that cannot afford cosmetic surgery services however go for other options of changing their body shapes. For example, pharmaceutical companies sometimes manufacture drugs and equipment that can enhance hips, breast and waist size as an individual would like to have. The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has been attributed to womenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ failure to acquire feminine appearance they would prefer. Many industries that are doing well in the market depend highly on the womenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ investment as they seek attractive appearance. The pursuit of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s attractiveness has overtaken their lives. The search for feminine attractiveness has made any work of beautification that does not fall within the domain of promoting feminine characteristics to be insignificant. Perfecting appearance through the perceived appropriate feminine characteristics has become the major concern and work that women engage in. By ensuring that their feminine identity is maintained and enhanced, womenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ body have become a road that maps their future identify. The appearance of their body defines the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s feminine identify. In the contemporary society, a womanÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ body is being used to map her future territory. Good examples are the many beauty contests that are currently being witnessed all over the world. The media has been very instrumental in promoting the beauty contests, a situation that continues to convince women that they cannot be beautiful unless they resemble the models. For example, the Ã¢â¬Å"Miss UniverseÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"Miss WorldÃ¢â¬ contests are now being held every year with contestants from almost all nations of the world participating. Various attires are constantly being designed in order to be won by the participants. In addition, the contestants embrace various techniques of enhancing their attractiveness in order to win the coveted title of being the worldsÃ¢â¬â¢ most beautiful woman. Winning the contest becomes the greatest dream to come true. This has contributed to women 4. A reaction to lack of space in a male-dominated world WomenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ obsession with appearance is a reaction to lack of space in a male dominated and male defined world. According to Ashe (Ashe, 2004), women even in the modern world just like in the past live within spheres that have been defined and demarcated by the men. For instance, women have been confined to low paying jobs, kitchen and bedroom. Modernization has changed this and this has made the women want to break out from the spatial confinements they have acquired. They are therefore becoming aggressive and competitive with the men. The women are then considered to be a threat to the male power. When women fail to access spaces that for many years have been occupied by men, they are seen as failures and it becomes their fault for lack of achievement. On the other hand, women who use their feminine identity to access the male dominated spaces are criticized as having no brains. Due to this, women are said to suffer from an inferiority complex which some say itÃ¢â¬â¢s an incurable psychological condition. As some women fight for their future space to compete equally with men, they need to move out from the spheres that have been demarcated for them by men. The women are seen as fighting for equal positions with men. This is because, confining women to the kitchen, bedroom and low paying jobs is seen by many women as oppressive situations that women have been for many years been put in due to their gender. Breaking out of the oppressive situation for many women has encouraged their efforts to pursue attractive appearance. Unfortunately, for many women who try to fight for equal positions with men through their appearance end up destroying their lives and their bodies. Because fighting oppressive situations becomes their major focus in life, anything that the woman does to attract attention and prove themselves out to men becomes an obsession. Enhancing their appearance tends to make women feel better because they can be able to attract attention that for a long time women have been denied by male domination. When women are carried away by their desire to seek attention in order to counter their feelings of inferiority, making their appearance attractive becomes an obsession. 5. Efforts to attain equality with men The common identity of women in reference to men has made women to rely on what men define as female attractiveness. In many cultural set ups including the contemporary society, men seems to dominate. This includes their opinion on what is right or wrong for a woman to do. Due to the specialization of the role of men and women in the society, the man is more superior to a woman. Man becomes the subject and the absolute while a woman becomes Ã¢â¬Å"the otherÃ¢â¬ In the modern North American corporate capitalism society, a womanÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ identity relates to that of a man. Her appearance is identified whether it is attractive depending on her ability to present her appearance as feminine according to a manÃ¢â¬â¢s view of a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s attractiveness. To acquire some security and safety in a society where her identify is described in reference to men, women work very hard to attain recognition and security through good appearance. This has no doubt contributed to a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with their appearance. Women may alienate themselves from their bodies when self and body becomes divided. This may make women to have their bodies transformed into ugly, unruly and out of control objects. The self on the other hand becomes a web of reproach and hatred for an individual. This means that a woman who goes through such an experience is willing to submit her body to appearance enhancing practices even if they are harmful. Dressing styles such as tooth braces and casts are now being used to fight the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s identity as Ã¢â¬Å"the otherÃ¢â¬ . Conclusion In the contemporary world, the physical appearance has become a major concern for many people. The most affected are the women, seen in their obsession with their appearance. People are now using a wide range of products to bring about changes in their appearance. Examples of products that are being used to enhance appearance include cosmetics, decorative items, and body shape enhancing products, jewelry, rings, body paintings, and tattoos. Since the ancient times, women have always used certain products and products to change their appearance by enhancing their beauty. Many societies support thisHowever, what for many years have been search for beauty has turned into an obsession for women. Appearance is no longer seen just as a way of promoting physical beauty, but also as a way of ensuring future existence for women. In a male dominated society, women have had to fight for equal opportunities with the men (feminism). In their quest for equality, women to some extent have used their uniqueness as women to take up roles and position that have for a long time been dominated by men. The need to change their lifestyle, to maintain their feminine identity, to fight for equality, and to secure their future existence makes women obsessed with their appearance. How to cite Why Women are obsessed with Appearance, Papers
Abraham Maslow developed a motivational theory, called the Hierarchy of Needs, and proposed it in his paper A Theory of Human Motivation in 1943. Maslows theory proposes that as humans meet their basic needs, they look for ways to satisfy successively higher needs. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs is often represented as a pyramid consisting of five levels. The four lower-order needs, also called deficiency needs, are considered physiological needs, while the top level of needs is considered growth needs, or being needs. The five levels of needs were identified by Maslow as: physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs states that we must satisfy each need in order. Only when the lower order needs of physical and emotional well-being are satisfied are we concerned with the higher order needs of influence and personal development. While our deficiency needs must be met, our growth needs are continually influencing our behaviour. We will write a custom essay sample on Abraham Maslow developed a mot or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We will not be successful at moving onto higher levels until we have been motivated through the lower levels. If our lower level needs are not met we cannot achieve our higher levels of self-actualization which means we will not be able to reach our full potential. So why does Maslows Hierarchy of Needs matter? Hierarchy of Needs theory is still relevant today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development. Maslows ideas surrounding the Hierarchy of Needs, concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a workplace environment that encourages and enables employees to fulfil their own unique potential (self-actualization), are today more relevant than ever. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs is a way to not only understand how learners reach their potential but also what barriers might exist to them getting there. The success of an educational intervention is influenced by the learners experiences, motivations, behaviours and psychology. In his own words, Maslow (as cited in Green, 2000) identifies the variability: The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person. This contributes to the already hefty task of fostering the want to master a skill in an individual Ã¢â¬â having to consider not only what is in your immediate power, but other potential barriers outside the immediate environment. The growth of self-actualization (Maslow, 1962) refers to the need for personal growth and discovery that is present throughout a persons life. For Maslow, a person is always becoming and never remains static in these terms. In self-actualization, a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them (McLeod, 2017, para. 17) As teachers we can do much to accommodate these things in order to make learning better. In terms of learning environment, we will primarily deal with the four deprivation needs. As a teacher I can make extra effort to ensure I contribute to these needs so that the learners ability to learn and achieve in my learning environment will be greatly improved. I know that if I take time to get to know my learners and understand not only their knowledge level but also their level on Maslows Hierarchy of Needs, I will be in a better position to help learners move up the hierarchy. If I can understand the basic needs of each learner then I will be more successful at removing obstacles from learning so that learning can be enhanced and maximized. I will take into consideration certain strategies that I can use in future training. Some of the easier strategies that I can use include providing a comfortable classroom that includes suitable room temperatures and sufficient bathroom and drink breaks. In addition, I can provide well planned lessons and consistent expectations as well as offer an accepting and non-threatening attitude in the way the lesson is taught. These strategies address the physiological and safety needs. In order to address social needs I can create a classroom environment that requires mutual trust and provides opportunities for sharing through meetings, discussions and peer tutoring. I can ensure that I am listening to my students and being supportive. In order to address esteem needs some of the strategies that I can use include developing new knowledge based on background knowledge to help ensure success, take individual needs and abilities into account when planning lessons, teaching using multiple modes of learning, and ensuring that I am alert to student difficulties so that I can intervene as soon as possible. The last need, the need for self-actualization, is much more challenging to have an impact on. However, I feel that there are some strategies that I can apply to help students achieve this growing need including, giving students freedom to explore and discover on their own, making the learning meaningful by connecting it to their own lives, and allowing students to get involved in creative activities ; projects.
Friday, April 24, 2020
The Puritans When the 16th-century Reformation took place three distinct sectors of reformation developed: the German, the Swiss (including France) and the English. Of these three the weakest and least hopeful was the English. At first opposition was fierce. 277 Christian leaders were burned to death at the stake during the reign of Queen Mary. She earned the title 'Bloody Mary' during her reign from 1553 to 1558. Thankfully her reign was short. Yet it was out of the shed blood and burned ashes of the martyrs that the cause of Christ grew and prospered. It was during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603) that the Puritan movement was born. Godly ministers multiplied through the nation. These ministers supported each other in a godly brotherhood. At first the Puritans received the name Puritan because they sought to purify the National Church of England. In later times they were called Puritans because of the purity of life that they sought. They set out to reform the Church of England. Their desire was to conform the national Church to the Word of God in government, worship and practice. Queen Elizabeth was head of the national Church and she opposed and blocked reformation. When James I (who reigned from 1603 to 1625) came to the throne there was hope that now reform would progress. Instead the struggle intensified. It did not improve when Charles I came to the throne in 1625. Ministers began to despair of improvement and some left for America where a new race of Puritans developed. The situation came to a climax when civil war broke out during the 1640s. During that time Oliver Cromwell became the supreme governor in place of the King. When Cromwell died there was no one suitable to replace him. The nation returned to the monarchy. Charles II came to the throne. The struggle in the Church was renewed with even more conflict than before. An act of Parliament was passed which required conformity to rules which the Puritans simply were unable to follow. In 1662 over 2,000 ministers and leaders in the Church of England were forced to leave. Rather than compromise their consciences they left. Historians regard the Puritan period as coming to an end in 1662. However it was after 1662 that the Puritans wrote some of their finest expositions. John Bunyan was imprisoned for twelve years after 1662. It was in prison that he wrote Pilgrim's Progress. Two Puritans who lived through this later period require special mention. John Owen (1616-1683) is called 'The Prince of the Puritans'. He was a chaplain in the army of Oliver Cromwell and vice-chancellor of Oxford University, but most of his life he served as a minister of a church. His written works run to 24 volumes and represent the best resource for theology in the English language. On several important subjects such as the Holy Spirit, mortification of sin and apostasy, he is unexcelled. Richard Baxter (1615-1691) was a prolific writer and included in his works is The Christian Directory which consists of a practical detailed application of the gospel to every aspect of life. This is probably the most comprehensive exposition of its kind ever written. In Baxter's exposition of the Christian life we see the Puritan idea that grace is to permeate nature. During the pre-Reformation time grace and nature were separated. This is the concept of a two storey universe. Upstairs is spiritual and holy. Downstairs is sinful, fleshly and unholy. For example the clergy were forbidden to marry as though marriage were earthly and therefore sinful. Luther partly reformed this and brought grace alongside nature. For example he married an ex-nun, Katherine. John Calvin went further and taught that grace must permeate nature. The earthly must be sanctified by the heavenly. The Puritans went further still and taught in more detail than Calvin that biblical principles must be applied to every aspect of life. There are biblical principles or biblical ethics for marriage, the bringing up of children and the home, for teachers and university professors, medical doctors, lawyers, architects and artists, for farmers and gardeners, politicians and magistrates, for businessmen and shopkeepers and for men of commerce and trade, for military